These drastic economic measures are taking place alongside a severe crackdown on civil and political rights. Egypt’s civic space has been decisively evaluated as “closed” by international monitoring initiatives, and the government has recently ratified an NGO law that UN human rights experts have indicated could “devastate civil society.”
The undersigned organizations are extremely concerned about Minister of Industry and Trade Mounir Fakhri Abd al-Nour’s promotion of coal as an alternative to natural gas in cement and ceramic factories.
The Egyptian government recently announced its intent for importing coal as an alternative source of energy, and has taken this decision without consulting with any of the relevant stakeholders.
In the midst of the crisis sparked by the first constitutional declaration issued on 22 November, President Mohamed Morsy issued several presidential laws by decree with economic consequences.