Footnotes

1. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 24th March 2011.

2. The letter is annexed to this report.

3. Summary of the final report of the Fact Finding National Commission on the events around the January 25 Revolution, page 20. The summary can be found in Arabic here: http://www.ffnc-eg.org/assets/ffnc-eg_final.pdf.

4. Al-Shorouk, Mamdouh Hassan, 11th August, "Taqassee al haqaeq takshaf asrar fath al sejoon (2-2)"

5. Summary of the Fact Finding National Commission's report, page 8.

6. See for example http://www.shorouknews.com/contentdata.aspx?id=476194 and http://www.ahram.org.eg/Incidents/News/83644.aspx.

7. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 24th March 2011.

8. Article 87 of the Prisons Law 396/1956.

9. UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, Principle 9. The Basic Principles are available here: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/firearms.htm.

10. UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, Principle 10.

11. The list is annexed to this report. It should be noted that some prisoners were shot more than once.

12. A copy of each list is annexed to this report.

13. The video is online at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gvN0rvlDsM&feature=related. Last visited August 2011.

14. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 10th February 2011.

15. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 23rd February 2011.

16. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 14th April 2011.

17. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 24th March 2011.

18. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 8th March 2011.

19. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 11th April 2011.

20. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 24th March 2011.

21. Meeting with Mrs. Nadia Lotfi, Cairo, 14th April 2011.

22. This video is available online at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gEyg1ePURuY. Last visited August 2011.

23. Appeals prisoner, phone conversation, 23rd February 2011.

24. Al-Masry al-Youm, 9th March 2011, "Al niyaba taftah tahqiq fi maqtal 12 sajinan dakhel sejn damanhour al 'omomi ba'd ayam men al thawra".

25. Al-Dostour, Hussein al-Qubaei, 5th March 2011, "Al Dustour takshaf al tafaseel al kamela li mazbahat sejn damanhour."

26. UN Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment. The Body of Principles are available here: http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/43/a43r173.htm.

27. Egyptian Constitutional Declaration, Article 9.

28. UN Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment.

29. UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, Rule 20. The Minimum Rules are available here: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/treatmentprisoners.htm.

30. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 24th March 2011.

31. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 10th February 2011.

32. Damanhour prisoner, phone conversation, 2nd March 2011.

33. Meeting with Mahmoud Eid, Cairo, 9th February 2011.

34. UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Article 12. The Covenant is available here: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cescr.htm.

35. UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, Rule 22.

36. Article 37 of the Prisons’ Internal Regulations 79/1961.

37. Appeals prisoner, phone conversation, 23rd February 2011.

38. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 13th February 2011.

39. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 23rd February 2011.

40. Shebin el Kom prisoner, phone conversation, 22nd February 2011.

41. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 22nd March 2011.

42. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 22nd March 2011.

43. Appeals prisoner, phone conversation, 23rd February 2011.

44. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 22nd March 2011.

45. Sister of a Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 11th April 2011.

46. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 13th February 2011.

47. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 13th February 2011.

48. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 4th March 2011.

49. See for instance http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=377645&.

50. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 4th March 2011.

51. The video is available online at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFrZCCc0O3Y&feature=player_embedded#at=16. Last visited August 2011.

52. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 28th March 2011.

53. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 24th March 2011.

54. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 11th April 2011.

55. Damanhour prisoner, phone conversation, 2nd March 2011.

56. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 17th March 2011.

57. Qatta prisoner, phone conversation, 22nd March 2011.

58. Shebin el Kom prisoner, phone conversation, 30th March 2011.

59. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 3. The Universal Declaration is available here: http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/.

60. UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, Rule 31.

61. UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, Rule 27.

62. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 14th April 2011.

63. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 5th April 2011.

64. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 11th April 2011.

65. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 5th April 2011.

66. Tora prisoner, phone conversation, 14th April 2011.

67. Mother of Shebin el Kom prisoner, phone conversation, 18th April 2011. The name has been changed upon her request.

68. Mother of Shebin el Kom prisoner, phone conversation, 18th April 2011.

69. Mother of Shebin el Kom prisoner, phone conversations, 27th April 2011.

70. Article 58 of the Prisons Internal Regulations 79/1961.

71. UN Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment, Principle 34; UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, Rule 44.

72. Meeting with Mahmoud Eid, Cairo, 9th February 2011.

73. Meeting with Nadia Lotfi, Cairo, 14th April 2011.

74. Meeting with Heba Fathi Fouly, Cairo, 9th February 2011.

75. See for instance: http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=377645&.

76. Article 78 of the Prisons Law 396/1956.

77. Article 128 of the General Instructions to Prosecutors in Criminal Matters, General Prosecutor's Decision 837/1999.

78. Article 125 of the General Instructions to Prosecutors in Criminal Matters, General Prosecutor's Decision 837/1999.

79. Al-Dostour al-Asli, Mona Selim, 20 July 2011, "Taqrir al tib al shar'i b qadeyat al Batran: al rossassa otlqt min bondoqeyat qanass min burj al muraqaba". The article is available here: http://www.dostor.org/politics/egypt/11/july/20/48767.

80. UN Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Principle 2. The principles are available here: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/investigation.htm.